August Derleth, an older and more established writer than Barlow, vied for control of the literary estate. According to the two authors, these volumes are part of a trend in Lovecraft's popular and academic reception: increased attention by one audience causes the other to also become more interested. For instance, in Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness, it is proposed that humankind was actually created as a slave race by the Old Ones, and that life on Earth as we know it evolved from scientific experiments abandoned by the Elder Things.[119]. [170], Few video games are direct adaptations of Lovecraft's works, but many video games have been inspired or heavily influenced by Lovecraft. [58] This period also proved to be the most prolific of Lovecraft's short-story career. [50] In 1917, as Lovecraft related to Kleiner, Lovecraft made an aborted attempt to enlist in the army. Numerous historical cities and towns are mentioned, and several fictionalised versions of them make frequent appearances in his stories. With a weekly allowance Greene sent, Lovecraft moved to a working-class area of Brooklyn Heights, where he subsisted in a tiny apartment. Lovecraft in Providence", "H.P. In some cases, this doom is manifest in the entirety of humanity, and no escape is possible (The Shadow Out of Time). This is according to L. Sprague de Camp and S. T. Joshi's estimates. [176] A textual analysis has determined that the contents of this book were derived from multiple documents that discuss Mesopotamian myth and magic. He recalled, at five years old, being told Santa Claus did not exist and retorting by asking why "God is not equally a myth. [3] Susie's family was of substantial means at the time of their marriage, her father, Whipple Van Buren Phillips, being involved in business ventures. Lovecraft clearly states that his contact to numerous different people through letter-writing was one of the main factors in broadening his view of the world: "I found myself opened up to dozens of points of view which would otherwise never have occurred to me. He thought of amateur journalism as training and practice for a professional career. For other sections, dates are the time of composition, not publication. [citation needed]. [74], Although he was able to combine his distinctive style (allusive and amorphous description by horrified though passive narrators) with the kind of stock content and action that the editor of Weird Tales wanted—Wright paid handsomely to snap up "The Dunwich Horror" which proved very popular with readers—Lovecraft increasingly produced work that brought him no remuneration. [189], Lovecraft protégés and part owners of Arkham House, August Derleth and Donald Wandrei, often claimed copyrights over Lovecraft's works. [165] Technical death metal outfit Revocation frequently write songs based on Lovecraft's stories and often use him as inspiration in their original works. The finding of a magical text by monks is also a common theme in the history of grimoires. It had its international theatrical release in August 2010 at Toronto's fifth annual After Dark Film Festival through MPI's Dark Sky Films label. Despite several claims to the contrary, there is currently no evidence that any company or individual owns the copyright to any of Lovecraft's work, and it is generally accepted that it has passed into the public domain. According to scholar S. T. Joshi: "There is never an entity in Lovecraft that is not in some fashion material. It was at one such convention in July that Lovecraft met Sonia Greene. "[138] Philosopher Eugene Thacker echoes this in his "Horror of Philosophy" series of books, finding in Lovecraft's ideas a "cold rationalism" or "cosmic pessimism" that highlights the limitations of anthropocentric thinking. Daas invited Russell and Lovecraft to the organization and both accepted, Lovecraft in April 1914. Lovecraft's success is, in part, the result of his success. He had lost approximately 40 pounds (18 kg) of body weight by 1926, when he left for Providence. He is portrayed by Miles Doleac. [62] Following in early 1921 came "The Nameless City", the first story that falls definitively within the Cthulhu Mythos. All Lovecraft's stories can be found here. He was influenced by Arthur Machen's[92] carefully constructed tales concerning the survival of ancient evil into modern times in an otherwise realistic world and his beliefs in hidden mysteries which lay behind reality. In his early published essays, private letters and personal utterances, he argued for a strong color line to preserve race and culture. "[22], Though Lovecraft maintained that he was to attend Brown University after high school, he never graduated and never attended school again. "Polaris"). The book states "all superstitious beliefs are relics of a common 'prehistoric ignorance' in humans," and goes on to explore various superstitious beliefs in different cultures and times. The period beginning after his return to Providence—the last decade of his life—was Lovecraft's most prolific; in that time he produced short stories, as well as his longest works of fiction: The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath, The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, and At the Mountains of Madness. "[123] In 1962, Colin Wilson, in his survey of anti-realist trends in fiction The Strength to Dream, cited Lovecraft as one of the pioneers of the "assault on rationality" and included him with M. R. James, H. G. Wells, Aldous Huxley, J. R. R. Tolkien and others as one of the builders of mythicised realities contending against the failing project of literary realism. [162] In 2016, Lovecraft was inducted into the Museum of Pop Culture's Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame. Lovecraft also appears in the Season 6, Episode 21 episode Let it Bleed of the TV show Supernatural. [21], It was in 1908, prior to his high school graduation, when Lovecraft suffered another health crisis of some sort, though this instance was seemingly more severe than any prior. Recommendations as voted for by users! S. T. Joshi is supervising an ongoing series of volumes collecting Lovecraft's unabridged letters to particular correspondents. [90] Both authors shared many biographical similarities as well, such as the loss of their fathers at young ages and an early interest in poetry.[91]. Throughout his adult life, Lovecraft was never able to support himself from earnings as an author and editor. [61] The poem "Nyarlathotep" and the short story "The Crawling Chaos", in collaboration with Winifred Virginia Jackson, were written in late 1920. [105] Some critics argue that this theme is a reflection of Lovecraft's contempt of the world around him, causing him to search inwardly for knowledge and inspiration. In 1932, he wrote in a letter to Robert E. Howard: All I say is that I think it is damned unlikely that anything like a central cosmic will, a spirit world, or an eternal survival of personality exist. A satirical version of Lovecraft named H. P. Hatecraft appeared as a recurring character on the Cartoon Network television series Scooby-Doo! Neighbour and friend Clara Hess, interviewed in 1948, recalled instances of Susie describing "weird and fantastic creatures that rushed out from behind buildings and from corners at dark. Lovecraft himself guessed that they originated from classic Gothic novelists like Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis, and Charles Maturin. The subreddit's favorite picks. Apr 6, 2020 - Shub-Niggurath | The H.P. [54] Lovecraft's immediate reaction to Susie's commitment was visceral, writing to Kleiner that, "existence seems of little value," and that he wished "it might terminate". [77][page needed] After leaving New York, he moved to an apartment at 10 Barnes Street near Brown University with his surviving aunt; a few years later, they moved to a slightly less expensive place at 65 Prospect Street. [100] However, the majority of his stories are not transcribed dreams. Series His writings form the basis of the Cthulhu Mythos, which has inspired a large body of pastiches across several mediums drawing on Lovecraft's characters, setting and themes, constituting a wider subgenre known as Lovecraftian horror. [79], In late 1936, he witnessed the publication of The Shadow over Innsmouth as a paperback book. [42] Two years later, he was elected president and appointed other board members that mostly shared his view on the supremacy of classical English over modern American English. This led to his discovery of gaps, which prevented Lovecraft from committing suicide during his adolescence. However, Lovecraft's difficulty made him ill-suited to the pulps; he was unable to compete with the popular recurring protagonists and damsel-in-distress stories. The only direct records are Lovecraft's own later correspondence wherein he described it variously as a "nervous collapse" and "a sort of breakdown," in one letter blaming it on the stress of high school despite his enjoying it. After a few unsuccessful spells as a low-level clerk, his job-seeking became desultory. Letitia Lewis is one of the main characters in Lovecraft Country. Jeff is an ordinary guy that is stuck at a dead end job with a boring life, but when a strange old man gives him an Ancient relic and tells him that he is the last bloodline of H.P. [7] According to the accounts of family friends, Susie doted on the young Lovecraft to a fault, pampering him and never letting him out of her sight. [169], 1987 saw the release of one of the first Lovecraftian board games, Arkham Horror, which sold extremely well, and since 2004 is still in print from Fantasy Flight Games. This atmosphere is created through the feeling of wrongness that pervades the objects, places, and people in Lovecraft's works. ), Night Shade Books (Mysteries of Time and Spirit: The Letters of H. P. Lovecraft and Donald Wandrei et al..), Necronomicon Press (Letters to Samuel Loveman and Vincent Starrett et al. Often these criticisms were couched in xenophobic and racist arguments bemoaning the "bastardization" of the "national language" by immigrants. "[80], On June 11, Robert E. Howard committed suicide after being told that his mother would not awaken from her coma. Later that year, she was forced to move herself and her son to a small duplex. He did say, though, that while having some conflicts with teachers, he enjoyed high school, becoming close with a small circle of friends and performed well academically, excelling in particular at chemistry and physics. Something About Cats and Other Pieces is a collection of fantasy, horror and science fiction short stories, poetry and essays by American author H. P. Lovecraft.It was released in 1949 and was the fourth collection of Lovecraft's work published by Arkham House. So there's this Tome of Eldritch Lore which, every once in a while, unleashes an Eldritch Abomination that crunches planets like walnuts. [5], After his father's hospitalization, Lovecraft resided in the family home with his mother, his maternal aunts Lillian and Annie, and his maternal grandparents Whipple and Robie. They are the most preposterous and unjustified of all the guesses which can be made about the universe, and I am not enough of a hairsplitter to pretend that I don't regard them as arrant and negligible moonshine. Lovecraft. [64] Despite Lovecraft's reaction, he continued to attend amateur journalist conventions. "[141], In 2020, Lovecraft was awarded the 1945 Retro-Hugo Award for Best Series for the Cthulhu Mythos.[145]. Instead, many of them are directly influenced by dreams and dreamlike phenomena. 5, Nov. 1928 (revision of "A Sacrifice to Science", in: In the Confessional and the Followin This is a critique of vivisection, and should be included in any of Lovecraft's best works. Protagonist characters in Lovecraft are usually educated men, citing scientific and rational evidence to support their non-faith. [citation needed]. [187], Lovecraft had specified that the young R. H. Barlow would serve as executor of his literary estate,[188] but these instructions were not incorporated into the will. [180], He appears as a minor character in Brian Clevinger's comic book series Atomic Robo, as an acquaintance and fellow-scientist of Nikola Tesla, having been driven insane by his involvement in the Tunguska event which exposed him to the hidden horrors of the wider universe. Lovecraft's Monster Is Wrapping Family Game Night Up In Tentacles", "Synchronistic Worlds: Lovecraft and Borges", "Know Your Lore, Tinfoil Hat Edition: The genesis of Azeroth", "All About Alienation: Alan Moore On Lovecraft And Providence", "HP Lovecraft: The Man Who Haunted Horror Fans", "The White Ship: The Psychedelic Voyage of H.P. TSR, Inc., original publisher of the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game, included a section on the Cthulhu Mythos in one of the game's earlier supplements, Deities & Demigods (originally published in 1980 and later renamed to Legends & Lore). Human followers gave him a way to reveal information about their "gods" in a diluted form, and also made it possible for his protagonists to win paltry victories. [146] While his stories appeared in prominent pulp magazines such as Weird Tales (eliciting letters of outrage as often as praise from regular readers), not many people knew his name. For the first time I could imagine that my clumsy gropings after art were a little more than faint cries lost in the unlistening void. She is portrayed by Jurnee Smollett-Bell. "The Last Test", in: Weird Tales, Vol. He sometimes dated his letters 200 years before the current date, which would have put the writing back in US colonial times, before the American Revolution (a war that offended his Anglophilia). Lovecraft was not an active letter-writer in youth. Stephen King,[125] Ramsey Campbell,[148] Alan Moore,[149] Junji Ito,[150] Thomas Ligotti,[151] Caitlín R. Kiernan,[152] William S. Burroughs,[153] and Neil Gaiman,[154] have cited Lovecraft as one of their primary influences. [19] Aside from a pause in 1904, he also resumed publishing the Rhode Island Journal of Astronomy as well as starting the Scientific Gazette, which dealt mostly with chemistry. He explained that he thought that the 18th and 20th centuries were the "best," the former being a period of noble grace, and the latter a century of science. [73] The same address is given as the home of Dr. Willett in Lovecraft's The Case of Charles Dexter Ward. [69] Established informally some years before Lovecraft arrived in New York, the core Kalem Club members were boys' adventure novelist Henry Everett McNeil, the lawyer and anarchist writer James Ferdinand Morton Jr., and the poet Reinhardt Kleiner. His stories also have dreamlike qualities. The most important change is that the original did not include any supernatural elements, whereas Lovecraft changed the focus to include that. [112] He made these arguments by direct disparagement of various races in his journalism and letters,[80] and perhaps allegorically in his fiction concerning non-human races. ← Previous "Herbert West–Reanimator" reflects on the atheism common in academic circles. 1 History 2 Notes 3 Links and References 3.1 Discover and Discuss 3.2 Footnotes Nug's name was one of many invoked by Dharmi Shan.1 Nug was a character created by H.P. Almost immediately, Lovecraft wrote a brief memoir titled "In Memoriam: Robert Ervin Howard". [85], One of Lovecraft's most significant literary influences was Edgar Allan Poe, whom he described as his "God of Fiction. [33] A 1913 letter critical of Fred Jackson, a prominent writer for Argosy, started Lovecraft down a path that would greatly affect his life. He encouraged other writers to reference his creations, such as the Necronomicon, Cthulhu and Yog-Sothoth. [163], Lovecraft's fictional Mythos has influenced a number of musicians, especially in rock music. Race is the most controversial aspect of Lovecraft's legacy, expressed in many disparaging remarks against the various non-Anglo-Saxon races and cultures in his work. He remained in Rochester with various of his relatives working at his trade of blacksmith. Whether Lovecraft suffered from a physical ailment, a mental one, or some combination thereof has never been determined. "[86] Like Lovecraft, Poe was out of step with the prevailing literary trends of his era. The publisher of Weird Tales attempted to put the loss-making magazine on a business footing and offered the job of editor to Lovecraft, who declined, citing his reluctance to relocate to Chicago; "think of the tragedy of such a move for an aged antiquarian," the 34-year-old writer declared. It is unclear what Susie may have been suffering from. Sometimes the barbarism comes as an external threat, with a civilized race destroyed in war (e.g. [106], The beings of Lovecraft's mythos often have human servants; Cthulhu, for instance, is worshipped under various names by cults among both the Greenlandic Inuit and voodoo circles of Louisiana, and in many other parts of the world. Continuing, Lovecraft said that Jackson's characters exhibit the "delicate passions and emotions proper to negroes and anthropoid apes. They collect the standard texts as edited by S. T. Joshi, most of which were available in the Arkham House editions, with the exception of the restored text of The Shadow Out of Time from The Dreams in the Witch House, which had been previously released by small-press publisher Hippocampus Press. Later, they released the song Dream No More, which mentions the awakening of Cthulhu. [183][page needed]. Harry Brobst, a psychology professor, examined the account and claimed that chorea minor was the most likely cause of Lovecraft's childhood symptoms while noting that instances of chorea minor after adolescence are very rare. Often in Lovecraft's works, the protagonist is not in control of his own actions or finds it impossible to change course. Language He failed to reply when one inquired about any novel Lovecraft might have ready: although he had completed such a work, The Case of Charles Dexter Ward, it was never typed up. Edit. Greene moved to California in 1933 and remarried in 1936, unaware that Lovecraft, despite his assurances to the contrary, had never officially signed the final decree. "History of the Necronomicon", "The Last Test" is Lovecraft's revision of Castro's "A Sacrifice to Science.". [190] After his death, many writers have contributed stories and enriched the shared mythology of the Cthulhu Mythos, as well as making numerous references to his work. THE OUTSIDER AND OTHERS. English Lovecraft's submissions were often rejected by Wright. [174] The Simon Necronomicon is one such example. His mother died shortly thereafter. Shortly after having written his last original short story, "The Haunter of the Dark", he stated that the hostile reception of At the Mountains of Madness had done "more than anything to end my effective fictional career. Prolific American writer Joyce Carol Oates wrote an introduction for a collection of Lovecraft stories. [134], The editors of The Age of Lovecraft, Carl H. Sederholm and Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock, attributed the rise of mainstream popular and academic interest in Lovecraft to this volume, along with the Penguin Classics volumes and the Modern Library edition of At the Mountains of Madness. Author Previous suggestions threads can be found here.. Lovecraft", "What Robert Bloch owes to H. P. Lovecraft", "Tales of the Marvellous and the Ridiculous", "Mad Speculation and Absolute Inhumanism: Lovecraft, Ligotti, and the Weirding of Philosophy", Lovecraft: A Look Behind the Cthulhu Mythos, At the Mountains of Madness and Other Novels, Necronomicon: The Best Weird Tales of H. P. Lovecraft: Commemorative Edition, Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth, The Unnamable II: The Statement of Randolph Carter, H. P. Lovecraft's Dreams in the Witch-House, Alan Moore's Yuggoth Cultures and Other Growths, Neil Gaiman's Only the End of the World Again, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=H._P._Lovecraft&oldid=995517155, 20th-century American short story writers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles that may contain original research from February 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Articles needing additional references from May 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking reliable references from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Short story writer, editor, novelist, poet, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 13:45. 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